SAT Exam Syllabus
A Complete Guide


PTE Exam Syllabus
A Complete Guide

Understanding the SAT Exam Syllabus is pivotal for students aspiring to pursue undergraduate studies abroad. Here's an in-depth breakdown of the SAT Structure And Syllabus, tailored to help you grasp the essentials of this globally recognised test.

SAT General Test

Structure and Pattern

Our comprehensive guide outlines how the SAT Exam unfolds. Moreover, it delves into the nuanced types of questions present in each of the test's sections.

Pattern Highlights:

The SAT is meticulously timed, allocating specific durations for each segment. In total, the test spans three hours, distributed as follows:

SAT Structure Overview

Test Section

Number of Questions

Task Type

Time Limit



Multiple choice only

65 minutes (1 hour and 5 minutes)

Writing and Language


Multiple choice only

35 minutes



Multiple choice and written answers

80 minutes (1 hour and 20 minutes)




180 minutes (3 hours)

The SAT syllabus encapsulates courses that mirror the school curriculum, ensuring students are on familiar grounds. Key components of the SAT syllabus are:

  • Reading & Writing
  • Mathematics

Interestingly, the SAT once separated reading and writing. However, the modern-day SAT melds them into a unified segment. While direct science questioning is absent, the reading and writing section integrates passages reflecting science concepts, offering a holistic approach.

SAT Digital Reading & Writing Syllabus

Venturing into the future, the Digital SAT provides an integrated focus on Reading and Writing. This table outlines the key areas:

Table: SAT Reading & Writing Section Areas

Skill / Knowledge Testing Areas

Weightage & Question Distribution

Craft and Structure

Weightage: 28% Questions: 13-15

Information and Ideas

Weightage: 26% Questions: 12-14

Standard English Conventions

Weightage: 26% Questions: 11-15

Expression of Ideas

Weightage: 20% Questions: 8-12

SAT English syllabus of the Reading section, an integral part of the SAT, encompasses multiple short passages, each with 10-11 questions, aggregating to approximately 56 queries. Designed with four answer choices per query, this segment assesses a student's prowess in understanding contexts, discerning terminologies, and comprehending texts.
When diving deep into specific subjects, the SAT math syllabus and SAT English syllabus are meticulously designed to gauge a student's expertise in these areas. From algebraic functions to critical reading, these subject tests ensure students possess the depth and breadth of knowledge required for undergraduate success.

SAT English Syllabus: An Overview

The SAT English section, a critical component of the SAT exam, assesses a student's proficiency in reading, writing, and language. Understanding its syllabus is key to effective preparation.

SAT Reading Syllabus

The SAT Reading section is an essential part of the SAT English syllabus, highlighting evidence-based reading and comprehension skills. This segment is designed to challenge a student's proficiency in:

  • Comprehension: Grasping complex ideas and nuances in the texts.
  • Analytical Abilities: Deducing the underlying messages and critically evaluating the content.
  • Vocabulary: Understanding and contextualising a diverse range of words.

This section includes a variety of reading passages and corresponding questions that test critical reading and analytical skills. Here's a detailed overview:

  • Reading Comprehension: Involves understanding and analyzing passages from literature, historical documents, social sciences, and natural sciences.
  • Evidence-Based Reading: Requires students to support their answers with evidence from the text, demonstrating critical analysis and interpretation skills.
  • Data Interpretation: Some questions involve interpreting data from infographics, such as tables, graphs, and charts, within the context of reading passages.
  • Command of Evidence: Focuses on identifying and interpreting evidence that supports answers or conclusions.
  • Words in Context: Tests the understanding of word meanings and how word choice influences meaning, tone, and impact.

SAT Reading Exam Pattern

A total of 52 multiple choice questions spread across 5 passages, to be tackled within 65 minutes.Passages include:
  • Two from the realm of science.
  • A literary passage derived from Classics or contemporary works from the US or global literature.
  • Excerpts from foundational US documents or discussions on profound topics like freedom, human rights, and dignity.
  • Selections from fields like Economics, Sociology, and Psychology.

SAT Reading Examples (Types of Questions)

The SAT Reading section focuses on comprehension, analysis, and interpretation of passages. Here's a breakdown of the types of questions you might encounter:

  • Main Idea/Primary Purpose: These questions assess your ability to understand the primary focus or main idea of the passage or a specific paragraph. Example: What is the main purpose of the passage?
  • Vocabulary-in-Context: These questions ask about the meaning of a word or phrase based on its usage in the passage. Example: In line 15, the word "ephemeral" most nearly means.
  • Detail-oriented: These questions focus on specific details mentioned in the passage. Example: According to the passage, what did the protagonist buy from the store?
  • Inference: These questions require you to make logical conclusions based on information presented or implied in the passage. Example: The author suggests that the protagonist's primary motivation for his actions is...
  • Author's Tone and Style: Questions that assess your understanding of the author's attitude, tone, or rhetorical techniques. Example: Which of the following best describes the author's tone in the first paragraph?
  • Analysing Data: Some passages come with tables, graphs, or charts. Questions may ask you to interpret or analyse this data in relation to the passage. Example: Based on the graph, during which year was the phenomenon most prevalent?

SAT Writing Syllabus

As another significant component of the SAT English syllabus, the Writing section gauges a student's proficiency in:

  • Grammar and Usage: Tests understanding of sentence structure, conventional usage of English, and grammatical rules.
  • Expression of Ideas: Involves revising and editing texts for coherence, style, and tone.
  • Standard English Conventions: Focuses on punctuation, verb tense, subject-verb agreement, and parallel construction.
  • Analysis of Argument: Requires students to identify and improve weaknesses in arguments within given texts.
  • Data Interpretation in Context: Some questions may involve interpreting data and modifying text to accurately represent the given data.

SAT Writing Examples

  • Improving Sentences: These questions ask you to choose the best version of the underlined portion of the sentence. Example: Climbing the mountain peak, the weather became increasingly challenging. Corrected: As they climbed the mountain peak, the weather became increasingly challenging.
  • Identifying Sentence Errors: You'll be given a sentence with four underlined words or phrases, and you must identify the one that is grammatically incorrect. Example: She neither likes running nor to swim. Error: "to swim" (should be "nor swimming").
  • Improving Paragraphs: These questions ask you to consider the organisation and development of a paragraph or the entire essay. Example: Which of the following sentences would be the most logical and effective to insert at the beginning of the passage?
  • Standard English Conventions: These questions test your knowledge of grammar and punctuation rules. Example: If she would have known about the party, she would have come. Corrected: If she had known about the party, she would have come.
  • Expression of Ideas: These questions assess your ability to organise and express ideas clearly, using evidence and reasoning. Example: To make the paragraph most logical, sentence 3 should be placed...

SAT Mathematics Syllabus

Though The College Board has declared the discontinuation of the SAT Essay post-2021, for reference:

The essay component, though optional in the SAT format, remains vital for certain universities. It assesses a student's reading, analytical, and writing abilities, demanding them to dissect a 650-700 word passage and analyse the author's argument within a 50-minute timeframe.

SAT Mathematics Pattern

  • A total of 58 questions to be solved in 80 minutes.
  • 80% are multiple-choice, while the remaining 20% are grid-ins.
  • For the section allowing calculators: 30 MCQs and 8 grid-in questions.
  • For the non-calculator section: 15 MCQs and 5 grid-ins.
  • A reference sheet with vital formulas is provided at the outset.

SAT Digital Math Syllabus

The SAT exam format for Math in 2024 will witness the following:

SAT Math Testing Areas

Skill / Knowledge Testing Areas

Weightage & Question Distribution


Weightage: 35% Questions: 13-15

Advanced Math

Weightage: 35% Questions: 13-15

Problem-Solving & Data Analysis

Weightage: 15% Questions: 5-7

Geometry & Trigonometry

Weightage: 15% Questions: 5-7

Here's an in-depth look at each maths topic and its specific focus:

Maths Topic

Focuses on


Linear equations in one and two variables, linear functions, systems of linear equations, linear inequalities

Advanced Maths

Equivalent expressions, non-linear equations, systems of equations, polynomial functions, quadratic equations

Problem Solving and Data Analysis

Ratios, rates, proportional relationships, percentages, one-variable data analysis, two-variable data models, mean, median, mode, standard deviation, probability, conditional probability, inference from sample statistics, margin of error, verifying data collection methods, evaluating statistical claims

Geometry and Trigonometry

Area and volume calculations, lines, angles, triangles, right triangle principles, trigonometry, circle theorems

The SAT Maths syllabus is meticulously designed to evaluate students' abilities to apply mathematical concepts and perform problem-solving in varied contexts. Mastery of these topics is crucial for achieving a high score in the SAT Math section.

SAT Essay

Though The College Board has declared the discontinuation of the SAT Essay post-2021, for reference:

The essay component, though optional in the SAT format, remains vital for certain universities. It assesses a student's reading, analytical, and writing abilities, demanding them to dissect a 650-700 word passage and analyse the author's argument within a 50-minute timeframe.

SAT Essay Examples

Sample prompts usually ask the student to evaluate:

  • The techniques used by the author to build their argument.
  • The evidence provided in the text supports the claims.
  • The overall effectiveness of the author's persuasion methods.
Understanding the SAT's intricate structure and the nature of its questions is the first significant step in your test preparation journey. The SAT assesses not just your rote learning but your analytical and comprehension skills. Thus, with clear insights into the SAT Reading and Writing examples, you're better positioned to hone these specific skills, ensuring you're not just prepared but SAT-ready!

Ready to conquer the SAT? Dive deep with our comprehensive SAT prep courses and personalised tutoring sessions. Contact AECC now and take the first step towards your dream college!

Frequently Asked Questions

What math chapters are on the SAT?
The SAT math covers Algebra, Advanced Math, Problem-Solving & Data Analysis, and Geometry & Trigonometry.

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